Until now, the specialists highlight four full phase of psoriasis, each of which has their specific characteristics. The speed of development is directly dependent on the degree of resistance of the body, the duration of exposure-induced factor, the general state of health of the patient and т. д.
In general, they can be identified, such stages of development of psoriasis:
The initial , also called the primitive.
Progressing , which represents a period of worsening of the disease.
Fixed , during which the disease does not apply and does not progress.
retrogressive, mainly characterized the restoration of the patient, and the disappearance of some or all of the symptoms.
Thus, it can be concluded that the psoriasis has not absolutely different from each other stage, which implies the need of its correct definition, as well as the proper sizing of treatment techniques.
The initial phase of psoriasis
In the initial phase of development of psoriasis the symptoms appear do not bring sick person significant discomfort. In this phase, the fast spread of skin lesions in large areas of the skin. The problem seems to be, as the plural formation of papules, have a rounded shape, with clear boundaries.
In the initial phase of psoriasis, a particular characteristic for the development of the disease is the appearance of silver-white scales. They are almost connected
ramus lateralis cover, therefore, in any mechanical impact with ease отслаиваются and fall out.
papules of psoriasis, which is formed in the skin, begin to merge into more of a point. He, in turn, becomes more visible with the other. After that, it begins an active process of progression of the disease, which involves its transfer to the next phase of development.
How to recognize psoriasis in the initial phase
The initial phase of development of psoriasis – this is the period in which it is extremely important to see the change in the external skin. If it is to make, after trying the treatment of the disease, there is great probability of quick cause remission.
Recognize psoriasis in the early stages, use the following features:
The occurrence of the phenomenon of stearin to the point. When the execution of scraping the top dry layer of skin flakes easily fall off, exposing the surface, which is quite similar to her appearance in a drop of стеарина.
Emergence of the phenomenon of film. If you completely remove flakes and stearin point, you can get up to the smooth surface, which reminds the film.
The manifestation of the phenomenon of "a dew". If the damage is the film begin to act on it were great drops of blood. This is due to the fact that near the surface of the skin is a large number of capillaries with a fairly weak walls.
To prevent the development of psoriasis after the initial stage of its occurrence, it is worth to detect signs of illness and begin therapy,
The treatment of a disease in the initial phase
If you start the therapy of psoriasis at an early stage, there is a great chance of avoiding serious consequences of the disease and its leap to the chronic process.
An effective, popular and well-known drugs to use, as it only appears the defeat of the skin, and salicylic ointment. It helps eliminate the inflammatory process and removing the layer flaky. To combat the itching, it is worth to use naphthalene ointment. In some cases, doctors prescribe hormonal medication. Their advantage is that they quickly affect the disease. Among the disadvantages, such medicines can highlight the impossibility of its prolonged use, due to the occurrence of dependence.
In general, the therapy in the early stage of psoriasis is composed of the following parts:
Waiver of any bad habits.
Compliance with the rules of the diet.
The local application of drugs based on vitamins.
Use of system tools with the huge skin lesions of the integument.
The effect on the skin with the aid of ultraviolet light.
The use of some sedatives.
If the psoriasis is treated in an early stage, progressing phase does not occur.
Progressing stage of psoriasis
Progressing psoriasis is a second aggravation of the disease.Симптомокомплекс is composed of the following symptoms:
The appearance of new skin lesions in the form of papules on the
flexure surfaces of the extremities. After that, the disease spreads to the trunk, the head and the т. д.
The fusion of papules, in a single education, which offers a touch in the midst of the redness of the skin.
The appearance on the surface of the education constantly
squamea convolvens scales.
The continuation of the inflammatory process, выражающегося as hyperemic edges of affected areas.
At this stage, the disease occurs the phenomenon of Kebnera. It is a damage to healthy areas of skin and transforming it into new psoriatic plate.
The treatment of a phase of psoriasis
Progressing heavy psoriasis it is worth treating with caution and care. Guide the process should experienced dermatologist.To dispense with systemic therapy, in such cases, it is not possible.
The patient is frequently assigned intravenous doing this drug, such as thiosulfate sodium (30 %). It is also recommended gemodez, either through the night, and injections intramuscularly each day chlorhexidine sodium, at a dose equal to 10 мм.
Due to the fact that in a phase of psoriasis more rapidly in the body are different toxins, it is worth starting to remove with the help сорбентов. In the context of such medicines are also used in different places medicines in the form of ointments and creams.
Make up treatment of the disease can multiple sessions of physical therapy procedures and technical tools.
The fixed phase of psoriasis
If time and the maximum correctly treat psoriasis its severe form will be the reverse. By your turn will come fixed stage, unlike the gradual restoration of the patient or even the cessation of the progression of the disease.
At this stage the disease is characterized by the following features:
The patient completely the process of the emergence of new eruptions.
Are available the plates stop its distribution.
The symptom Kebnera disappears.
The itching and discomfort will.
The inflammatory process is reduced, as evidenced care the redness of the edges of the formations.
The bark of the plates in a uniform and peaceful.
Fixed phase says that psoriasis passes, and your treatment is effective.
The treatment phase of psoriasis
In the stationary phase of the current of psoriasis, doctors often recommend the use of local медикаментозные drugs and the impact of techniques of instrument cables. In the majority of cases, are assigned to the products on the basis of tar, products of petroleum refining.
System therapy is applied only when the skin lesions is still quite significant. This is done by means of the impact on the body of ultraviolet light and PUVA-radiation. If the disease does not respond to this, doctors prescribe the related to the class антиметаболитов.
In rare cases, this phase-to-severe disease is prescribed иммуносупрессоры. First of all this relates to the Cyclosporine А. If the redness of the skin does not pass, the experts recommend the use of Erythromycin.
Diet, when the psoriasis is one of the parts complete and integrated treatment of this disease. When the disease is not advisable to drink the following types of foods:
Some types of spices. Above all this is related with the high concentration of different essential oils.
Nuts. First of all you should limit the use of hazelnut, peanut and tree nuts. They are considered to be some of the most popular allergens.
Sharp, smoked and savoury. This food causes the digestive tract begin to worse to be absorbed their nutrients.
The citrus fruit. First of all, the prohibition regarding the peel of fruit because it is toxic to the sick person. It is worth noting that she неочищенном how to use it to prepare juices, therefore, also not worth to use.
The fatty acids types of meat. Due to the fact that in them is arachidonic acid, capable of running inflammatory processes, it is not recommended to eat.
Alcoholic beverages. This applies to, including, and слабоалкогольных of drinks.
In general, the excess weight can lead to a violation of metabolic processes, which only worsens during the psoriasis. Therefore, the mass of his body sick persons must monitor with special care.
Due to the fact that the doctors up to the time, know the factors that cause psoriasis, they have created a list of rules of prevention, which can prevent the development or progression of the disease. It consists in the following:
It is necessary to avoid any damage top the skin. This applies to injuries, bumps, bruises, scrapes, solar and chemical burns.
It is worth regularly to moisturize the skin, special cosmetics, if there is its greater dryness.
Need to protect your body against infectious diseases, and, in the case of infection immediately begin appropriate therapy of the disease.
You must remove yourself from bad habits. Above all it is about the abuse of alcoholic beverages and smoking.
It is worth to avoid the stress, as well as significant shocks and emotional (negative and positive).
Take the medication, only need according to the instruction manual and the instructions of your doctor.