Psoriasis - chronic disease, from the development of which no one is immune. It can appear at any age, so the symptoms of psoriasis and the possible causes for the development, it is desirable to know everything. There are the typical signs characteristic exactly for this disease. He psoriatic papules be able to distinguish from other dermatological diseases. The eruptions occur on all parts of the body: eyes before stopping. Regardless of the specific area of location papules have a different appearance.
Symptoms: as it begins to psoriasis
Begins psoriasis with the formation of a body of small eruptions. Its size does not exceed the diameter of the head of a pin. Every day papules grow in diameter, reaching the score of 4 to 8 cm, the number of them increases, the surface begins to peel. If you do not pass the competent treatment, the individual label that merge into conglomerates, which cover large areas of the body.
Is psoriasis in the initial phase
Psoriasis of the leather may develop at any age. But, many times, the first case of its manifestation occurs in young people and adults 18 to 40 years. Sex differences are not. Against this disease, men and women suffer with the same frequency.
The typical symptoms of psoriatic papules:
- Sharp edges.
- Color-pink or red.
- Color scales in-silver-white.
The first rashes usually form in the place of wounds, scratches, burns, burns, in areas of the body, have always been friction. They may itch, but it is not the main feature.
Psoriasis has three unique symptoms that are characteristic only to him:
- The phenomenon stearic from the point-of-scales are easily removed from the surface of the papules. With them turns out to be a stain, similar to a drop of stearin or wax.
- The phenomenon psoriatic arthritis (terminal) of the film-if you completely clear the plate of the scales, with your apparent thin film, cover the inflamed piece of skin. It is transparent and wet.
- The phenomenon Auspitzto compromise the integrity of the film on the surface of the sores appear small bruises, resembling ostendit dew.
The above triad of symptoms allows to determine with precision the beginning of the development of psoriasis. They make it impossible to confuse this disease with other dermatological diseases.
Once the first symptoms of psoriasis in different parts of the body are a little different, it is worth to consider more in each particular case.
The symptoms of psoriasis in the hands
Guttate psoriasis on the elbow and ulnas
When psoriasis develops on your hands, the more often papules appear on the surface cubits, or between the toes. Rarely, rashes that are localized in the forearm. For this sector, the body has the uneven form of the disease. Its main feature, are formed small patches of red color, which quickly covered by scales. Your skin becomes rough.
Psoriasis of the scalp
The defeat of the scalp psoriatic papules is the most common form of the disease. The eruptions are formed in part of the occipital in the region of the forehead, behind the ears, in the hair cuts. First, are formed small eruptions. They are unique and covered in scales. In the process of development grow and may cover the surface of the whole head. Resource psoriatic papules, formed on the scalp-peripheral growth, itching, and irritation of the skin. While flakes small, exfoliating, they resemble small hairs. With the growth of papules these shell-like white flakes. The elasticity of the skin decreases, therefore, easy to the wounded, constantly forming wounds.
In the body
Psoriasis on the back and on the belly
The surface of the body of copper, as a general rule, the guttate psoriasis. Is located it in the back, neck, thighs, legs, belly. Formed scattered small eruptions. They are different teardrop shape. In the process of growth of the papules is highly raised above the surface of the skin, so they are easy to corrupt. Are at higher risk of developing the disease, the people who submitted to staphylococcal infection.
Psoriatic arthritis of precipitation in your feet, knees, legs
On the feet, the first papules appear in the area of the knees, but can occur in other locations. The first eruptions are small and isolated. They inflamed, and very flake. Has sharp outline, but loose. It spread rapidly, forming clumps.
On the nails
The initial stage of the nail psoriasis, manifests itself in various ways. When the first - nail plate, covered with small well of relief, as if the sting of a needle. The second form is similar to a fungus. Nails thicken, change in tone of yellow or grey. With the time, if you do not start the treatment, floc. The third type-the nail, the sheet metal is deformed, it becomes rough, on its surface, appear the teeth portions.
On the palms of the hands and feet
Psoriatic defeat in the palms of the hands and in the stop
More often than not the hands and feet are affected Palmar-plantar psoriasis at the same time. However, there are cases, when the disease develops only in the palm of the hands, or feet. First, about the skin are formed by small papules, which quickly merge into conglomerates. The horny layer of the skin thickens, becomes rough. Because of this, she is easily wounded, appear cracks.
On the face, ears, neck
Psoriatic arthritis of the precipitation in the ear and eye areas
Psoriasis is rarely located on the face. If it appears, then, the first papules form around the eyes, on the eyelids, and also in the nasolabial folds, the cheeks, the tongue, the edge of the lips. The first rash of fine, red in color. On the surface of the neck are also formed of small papules red. They quickly increase in diameter and distributed on his back, head, face.
Ear develops dermatitis psoriasis. It can hurt the hook a sink inside and out. It is important to distinguish psoriasis from seborrheic eczema, because apparently they are similar.
The symptoms of psoriasis in children
Unfortunately, psoriasis is not protected and children
In children the psoriasis is manifested not as much as the adults. Developing this disease can even of infants. The eruptions are formed in the folds of the skin. They are red and flake. Papules are formed in locations atypical, occur on the face, mucous membranes of the genitals. The rash itches and has a strong discomfort.
The psoriasis of the joints
Psoriatic arthritis hand fingers
The psoriasis can affect the joints, which leads to a change in the structure of its tissues. Later on, it is a bring your strain and pain. The first symptoms appear external: on the surface of the joints are formed papules. But, in some cases, the first changes the structure of the joints, they start to hurt, and only later formed the precipitation. Signs of development of disease-pain in the joints, especially at night, deform, you may receive the stiffness of their movements, the swelling, the length of the fingers is reduced.
First, they are surprised with the small joints of brushes, and also stop. Then the disease spreads to the elbows and knees. In particular for the execution of a form of suffering from the spinal column and joints.
The causes of psoriasis: by which it appears
The exact cause of development of psoriasis the scientist was not possible to install. There are many theories, each of them has scientific reasons. However, they are not enough to make one of the basic assumptions.
The main theories of the origin of psoriasis:
- Genetic-the predisposition to disease is transmitted to children of parents at the genetic level. In 55-70%, if you ask somebody of the parents, the child inherits the disease.
- Immune-the formation of papules leads to a malfunction of the immune system. As a result of the aggression, auto-immune, she begins to realize how the foreign cells from its own body, so the catalytic ejects them. The risk of developing the disease increases when relaxed immunity.
- Exchange-according to this theory, psoriasis is the result of metabolic disorders.
- Endocrine origin, to the development of the disease recognizes the dysfunction of the endocrine system.
- Neurogenic-suggests that psoriasis develops due to vasomotor a neurosis. This means that the basis of a disease-psychological reasons.
- Viral-there is a version that the causative agent of the disease is the virus. But this theory only adhere to the unit. In medicine, it's not even a single case, for psoriasis has been passed from a sick person to a healthy one. Trigger psoriasis can only be the internal dysfunction of the body, and is not virus or bacteria. This disease is non-communicable.
Diagnosis and treatment
The diagnosis of psoriasis is the external inspection eruptions. The dermatologist evaluates the location of the papules, the condition of your skin. Even the initial symptoms allow you to establish the correct diagnosis. The analysis special is not necessary. When severe forms of the disease, the doctor can assign a biopsy, x-rays, sowing on the microbiota.
Psoriasis-chronic disease. This means that in order to always cure it is impossible. The goal of treatment-the achievement of a strong state of remission. It can last for years, if assigned to competent therapy.
The main types of treatment of psoriasis:
- outdoor tools-ointment (solidum capita, hormonal, the method is non-hormonal, sinapi continens), cream, shampoo;
- internal means-antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs, stimulants, sedatives, anti-depressants, vitamin complexes, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, immunopharmacological tools.
- laser therapy,
- the magnetic therapy,
- radiation therapy,
- selective phototherapy,
- therapy ultrasonic
- PUVA therapy,
- the hyperthermia.
In the choice of treatment method, doctors are oriented to the current state of the patient. Maximum efficiency ensures the therapy.
When you notice the first signs of psoriasis in the skin, it is important to immediately seek a dermatologist.
He is able to confirm or deny the diagnosis. As reasons for the development of psoriasis are many, each person must be careful with the health, protect the skin from injuries and burns, because the first papules are formed most often on damaged areas of the epidermis.