Psoriasis is a widespread chronic disease of the skin characterized by a rash of flat papules, with a tendency to merge into large plaques, which very quickly covered the loose silver-white patches.
Psoriasis is characterized by periods of worsening condition (relapses) and temporary well-being, when the symptoms become less. This disease is not contagious and the patient is not dangerous for the others. Because the appearance of psoriasis is not associated with the microorganisms.
The primary element of psoriasis is a single papula, pink or red, which is covered with a lot of loose silver-white flakes.
As a general rule, the psoriasis does not stop the pace of life of the sick person. The only drawback – peeling and inflammatory processes on the skin. Unfortunately, to heal from this disease is impossible, but to suspend its development or prevent the occurrence of relapse is very real. To do this, simply run all your doctor's appointments and go systematic treatment in the hospital.
Contagious if you psoriasis?
Psoriasis is absolutely not contagious. Only one case of transmission of the disease from person to person it is not fixed. Pathogens of the disease are infections and germs, which to others are potentially dangerous, and the white blood cells, produced by the body of the patient.
A healthy person to contract the psoriasis sufferer impossible. Psoriasis is not passed:
In case of contact with skin, through the use of some objects of everyday use with the sick (bed linen, towels, tableware).
Through the saliva, the sweat.
When care for the sick.
Through the blood.
Nepustuleznaya form of psoriasis
What is it? This form of the disease is different from the other stable in the course of. For nepustuleznoy forms of psoriasis is a typical defeat, almost the whole surface of the body. This consideration relate to:
vulgar, common, or blayshkovidiy.
Psoriasis vulgaris occurs quite often, up to 90% of psoriasis patients is sick of the vulgar form of this disease.
As a start the psoriasis: early signs of
In most cases, determine the psoriasis is quite simple because the disease is not like other skin diseases. Precipitation reactions have less calibration compared with patches of psoriasis, also, the medical history shows that the patients practically are not affected by edema of the skin, as for the allergies
The initial signs and symptoms of psoriasis are different the main features, which will be based the doctor for a diagnosis:
the appearance to limited patches of pink colour of varying intensity;
itching in the area psoriatic defeat;
exfoliate the large amount of the epidermis of various sizes;
the characteristic whitish color of the peeling;
the pop-up grouped to a dirty white or gray scabs, do not extend beyond the borders of psoriatic patches;
the dryness of the skin.
For psoriasis is characterized by three distinctive signs:
"The effect stearinovogo spots". During the course of a scrape, the platelets are small and transparent scales that are easy to detach.
"The effect of terminal film". If you delete the flakes, the skin, this place is thin, glossy, and even her red.
"The effect of bloody dew". After scraping the skin act tiny droplets of blood.
The causes of
Precise and only culprit of the disease, experts reveal may not, but countless studies show that the disease is autoimmune, which means its dependence on the work of the immune system.
For some strange reason the immune cells are called to protect the body from changes in malignant and penetrate into the top layers of the skin and produce substances that activate the inflammatory process. The result of such activity has become the proliferation of rapidly dividing skin cells.
According to another theory, the psoriasis develops due to violation of the life cycle of the keratinocytes.
The possible causes of psoriasis:
The legacy. According to the most recent data scholars psoriasis refer to genotipicheskim dermatozam with the dominant type of transmission.
Violation of lipid, protein and carbohydrate exchanges. If you suspect psoriasis of the skin quite often manifests itself in the change of these profiles in the blood, which favors the development of cardiovascular pathology, endocrine dysfunction and metabolic syndrome.
The presence of chronic infectious the hearth in the body. When the search psoriaticheskih plaques often reveals steptokokkovaya flora. The occurrence of genetic abnormalities may influence viral and bacterial infections, for example, tonsillitis, the flu.
The weather conditions – dry and hot weather can influence the progression of psoriasis, the strengthening of skin manifestations, or, on the contrary, relaxation;
The anxiety or stress that – as already mentioned above, stress overvoltage directly affect the course of the disease psoriatic;
Damage to the skin – wound contribute to exposure to infection, and this leads to intoxication of the body due to inflammatory processes, because the appearance of psoriasis can cause a bit of damage, but on the condition that there are concomitant diseases;
Infection – the flash of the psoriasis can be caused by the presence of pathogens of purulent inflammatory phases, especially with regard to the pathology in the pediatric age group.
One theory suggests the existence of two variants of the disease:
Psoriasis type I – hereditary subject is immune factor, suffer from this form of over 60% of all patients, aged less than 30 years, the prognosis is good, the treatment is carried out for the whole life.
Type II – occurs more often in the age from 45 years, and is not associated to a malfunction of the immune system, most often affects nogtevye the discs, the joints.
The first eruptions of the skin, usually form on the spot wounds, scratches, obmorozheniy, burns, areas of the body, constantly subjected to friction. They may itch, but it is not the main feature.
Start psoriasis results in the appearance of papules, which are small nodules. They have a pink color to dark color, feel dense, and above the surface of the skin is a little bit protruding.
The initial phase of psoriasis on the skin barely noticeable and does not bother the patient. But early treatment will help prevent severe forms of the disease in which occurs the defeat of the nails of the hands and feet, mucosal surfaces, and so on — the joints of a person.
According to the statistics psoriaticheskie platelets are most often found:
on the external surface of the joints;
on the back and the abdomen;
on the front of the thighs and arms.
This is the difference of eczema, in which skin rashes affect the inner part of the limbs, and the folds between the fingers.
Characteristics and symptoms of different forms
Psoriasis depending on the shape has its characteristic symptoms on the human skin.
Blyashechniy (vulgar) constitutes the majority of all types of psoriasis. It is characterized by the appearance of traditional blyashek, covered with white-gray spots.
Skin rashes appear in the local places (on the elbows, scalp, etc) after 1-2 weeks. This eruption is called the "guard dog" or "duty".
Of a particular category of patients papules converted aritrodermiyu.
Very rarely vulgar form it manifests itself on the face and in the genital area.
The shape of A drop
Guttate psoriasis is the second-highest spread, and is diagnosed about every tenth patient. When they appear numerous and rather small rash with spots on the whole surface of the body.
The greater number of skin rashes observed on the limbs. On the face of guttate psoriasis rarely manifests. In the case of lesions papules can be the formation of ulcers. During the exacerbations of any infectious process papules increase considerably in terms of size.
One does not encounter often, only 1% of the entire mass of people with psoriasis have this type of disease. In most cases of rashes are symmetrical and are located at the soles and the palms of the hands. Pustuleznyi psoriasis is: generalizovanniy and localized. The last most frequent form of the previous one. GeneralizovanniyPustuleznyi psoriasis flows difficult.
Exudative psoriasis different from the usual to the presence of scales on the blayshkah, which are formed due to the penetration of the exudate. The risk of incidence according to the psoriasis include:
patients with diabetes mellitus,
people with diseases of the thyroid (hypothyroidism) and have an excess of body weight.
Psoriasis of the nails
Psoriasis of the nails out of the 25% of sufferers of psoriasis. The defeat of nail disks can be isolated (usually for hands), but usually in combination with other forms and varieties of the disease. Their changes in psoriasis are nearly indistinguishable from those of other skin diseases with involvement of the nails is the error symptoms:
"oil stains" and "waves of sand",
painless partial detachment of the plate and the deformation of the type "the claw of the bird" ,
bleeding under the nails,
complete the rejection of the nail plate , which often accompanies a severe form of psoriasis.
Treatment of psoriasis in adults
The question, how to cure psoriasis must be divided into 3 main categories: internal, the use of drugs, mainly drugs, external consumer (ointments, etc) and physiotherapy. Secondary use as tools for the therapy of psoriasis.
No matter what methods of treatment of psoriasis elects the dermatologist, the maximum effect brings an integrated approach to the solution of this problem, which involves:
the use of external funds;
application inside of the medicines, vitamins, dietary supplements;
treatment in wellness centres, thermal waters, mud baths, leech;
the appointment of diet, therapeutic fasting.
Nutrition and diet
The objectives that pursues the observance of a diet in psoriasis are:
the reduction in the number of exacerbations of the disease;
reduction in the frequency and intensity of the rashes;
the normalization of the metabolism;
the stimulation of the defenses of the body;
the creation of the work of the digestive system.
It is recommended in large quantities to eat the foods that contain fibre. It activates the gastrointestinal tract, normalizes metabolism and weight, contains a large amount of vitamins, antioxidants and minerals that are necessary to the body as a whole, and unhealthy skin with psoriasis in particular.
It is recommended that you use:
bread of flour of wheat,
fresh fruit and fruit juices,
green leafy vegetables,
low-fat dairy products,
pumpkin seeds, linseed, sunflower,
fish, poultry, rabbit,
The following are excluded products:
bread of flour,
products with artificial additives,
alcohol and carbonated beverages,
meats and sausages,
offal and red meat,
the sugar, the honey,
the vegetables of the family paslenovih, citrus,
fried and fatty food.
Services for psoriasis involves the complete elimination of any fried foods, candy, chocolate, pastry products and all products that contain dyes and food additives.
Some products, it is best to use individually:
Products and dishes based on cereals (pasta, bread, cereals) should not be mixed with any fruit in any form;
Dairy products do not eat together with the citrus fruit.
Fruit (bananas, apples, and melons) are used separately from the other products, preferably in the form of a single meal.
The sick, the one who observes the diet in psoriasis in a short time will mark a significant improvement of the condition of the skin, the reduction of the recurrences and the disappearance of the itching and discomfort. Also, the health food, helps to normalize weight, and the work of the digestive tract, changes for the better the appearance of hair and nails, stimulates the immune system.