Athlete's foot - causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

Athlete's foot is a fungal disease that most commonly manifests itself in the skin of a person. But, in some cases, the fungal infection can affect the internal organs (the mosses). Age restrictions have this disease do not. But, as shown in the medical practice, most often the disease manifests itself in children and older people.

the athlete's foot

The etiology

Athlete's foot with the skin can cause such factors:

  • over the course of the medication;
  • a weakened immunity;
  • the abuse of alcohol and smoking;
  • chronic disease, infectious in character;
  • the non-compliance of personal hygiene;
  • poor diet or the use of poor quality of food.

To build fungoides feet or other part of the body can be in public areas, shower, swimming pool, sauna, this kind of institution. Therefore, to walk around only need one of her slippers and not use to the strange objects of personal hygiene.

Forms of transmission

The fungal infection can be transmitted in the following ways:

  • through a close contact with an already infected person;
  • utensils for manicure;
  • through towels, articles of personal hygiene;
  • through the footwear;
  • микротравмы of the skin.

Especially the "easy" pick up fungus to the body of a person with low immunity.

Description of injuries

Most often by fungal organisms surprised the following areas of the human body:

  • the skin of the trunk;
  • feet;
  • the nails;
  • crotch.

In rare clinical cases the fungal infection can surprise even the internal organs of a person.

Total of semiology

Athlete's foot the skin begins to show only the stage of progression of the disease. The symptoms fungoides is the following:

  • exfoliation to the affected by a fungus areas of the skin;
  • intense itching;
  • education of diapers, especially in the area of interdigital;
  • precipitation in the form of patches;
  • the appearance of blisters that burst and подсыхают;
  • shell strong.

Athlete's foot to stop, can manifest itself not only in the form of the above symptoms. In most cases, suffer and the nails of the feet — they become brittle, dark in color.

Classification микозов

In the official medicine adopted, this type of classification микозов:

  • system or the athlete's foot – the defeat of the internal organs. Often, the pathology affects and nearby areas of fabric;
  • screen — defeat the skin of the integument and of the bones;
  • epidermolisis – defeat only the superficial layer of the epidermis (dermal tissue);
  • the surface of the fungus – the defeat of the scalp, horny cells of the epidermis.

As practice shows, the system athlete's foot manifests itself rarely, and only in cases when there is more background to disease and immunity is weakened.

athlete's foot skin

Athlete's foot stop

Athlete's foot stop is the most common type of disease fungal. The infection occurs more frequently in common areas, shower cubicles, pools, saunas. When you do this, you may experience these symptoms:

  • the shell;
  • the itching and the discomfort while walking;
  • the formation of wounds or cracks in the area interdigital;
  • the skin of the foot becomes rough.

As well as the athlete's foot to stop it is almost impossible to diagnose in the early stages, the treatment is quite complex. Therefore, at the first sign, you should immediately contact your dermatologist.

Alone to treat the athlete's foot of the foot is not recommended, since it may aggravate the situation. Normally, when using special antifungal ointments the symptoms disappear but the disease will not go away. Recurrence can manifest itself at any time.

Nail athlete's foot

Athlete's foot of the toenail or onychomycosis called дрожжевыми or плесневыми mushrooms. The danger of this type of disease is that such yeast connection there are in the body of almost all men. Therefore, when favourable to the fungus circumstances, begins to develop very quickly a pathological process. Athlete's foot nail, according to the statistics, it is diagnosed with 1/10 part of the whole population.

Этиологией disease argues the following:

  • the damage nail plate and okolokozhnoe portions;
  • wearing a close shoes (athlete's foot and nail on the legs);
  • non-compliance with aspects of hygiene during the treatment of nails and other similar procedures.

The treatment fungoides nails – medical therapy combined with mechanical impact. Make sure that you remove to hit the nail. This should be done very carefully, not to hurt the general characteristics. Usually, it is in part affected nails this more fungi. Skin injury can cause the athlete's foot of the skin.

Athlete's foot skin

Conventionally, the defeat of skin can be assigned, and ringworm, as well as the disease also caused by fungal organisms. More often a fungus is gentle to the skin of the trunk is diagnosed in children and older people. But and people of other age groups affected недугу.

The treatment of a disease of this type in its initial stages becomes relatively good. With the right approach and passing the full course of treatment, relapse occurs very rarely.

Athlete's foot folds inguinal

Athlete's foot folds inguinal can be found both in men and women. Is the manifestation of the pathology fungal caused плесневыми fungal organisms. The etiology of this type of disease is caused by the following factors:

  • the non-compliance of personal hygiene;
  • wearing tight, synthetic clothing;
  • sexual contact with an already infected person.

The symptoms in this case are the following:

  • itching in the genital area;
  • red rash or color dark brown, and in the groin;
  • the affected skin area becomes bright red color;
  • the bark.

This type of disease refers to a deep fungoides, therefore, is treated relatively well. It is worth mentioning that, unlike fungoides nail, the disease manifests itself practically in the early stages of the disease, and this facilitates the diagnosis and the treatment process.

Athlete's foot of the scalp

The defeat of the scalp

Athlete's foot of the scalp that has a measure of symptoms. A defeat by a fungus of man manifests itself in the following way:

  • hair in the affected area wrap with 1 to 2 mm from the cover;
  • they form patches of red color;
  • the shell;
  • the itching.

Athlete's foot this type is practically the same, and ringworm. It is most frequently diagnosed in children of pre-school age and elderly people.

The treatment should start immediately. The evolution of the disease is fairly rapid, particularly in people with low immunity. Perhaps total baldness.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis includes the personal inspection of doctor-dermatologist. After you clarify the story, it is performed a search. With the affected area of the skin is removed, scraping for the research. Only after that, the doctor puts a precise diagnosis and assigns the proper treatment.

Treatment

The treatment is carried out in accordance with the location of the affected area. Normally, it is practiced to combination therapy:

  • purchase of medicines;
  • the mechanical removal of the affected area (if it is that the defeat of the nail);
  • the local therapy — treatment of ointments, ramis.

Necessarily the removal of the damaged nail plate. If you do immediately is impossible, are special ointment for the softening of the nail. After that, the nail is almost painless is removed with special forceps or scissors.

The treatment fungoides should be carried out only on the appointment of a dermatologist. Use even drugs without medical recommendation is unacceptable. Even if the manifestation of the clinical picture will be no more, this does not mean that the disease is totally removed.

Prevention

Prevention микозов includes the following:

  • the fulfillment of personal hygiene;
  • it is not possible to use an odd shoes, personal hygiene products;
  • be careful to tools in beauty salons were sterile;
  • it's not worth to use the bottleneck synthetic bed;
  • you must delete close shoes;
  • in public areas, walk only on the shoe.

Who passed by the foot of an athlete of any type, should be systematically performed to search for a dermatologist. After the completion of the course treatment not less than 3 times per month. After you do this at least 3 times per year. Also worth tracking the general state of health and strengthen immunity.

26.07.2018